In object-oriented programming, a class is an extensible program-code-template for creating objects, providing initial values for state (member variables) and implementations of behavior (member functions or methods). In many languages, the class name is used as the name for the class (the template itself), the name for the default constructor of the class (a subroutine that creates objects), and as the type of objects generated by instantiating the class; these distinct concepts are easily conflated.
When an object is created by a constructor of the class, the resulting object is called an instance of the class, and the member variables specific to the object are called instance variables, to contrast with the class variables shared across the class.
In some languages, classes are only a compile-time feature (new classes cannot be declared at runtime), while in other languages classes are first-class citizens, and are generally themselves objects (typically of type Class or similar). In these languages, a class that creates classes is called a metaclass.
It can refer to a course itself, e.g., a class in Shakespearean drama.
It can be the group of students at the same level in an institution: the freshman class; or the group of students which graduates from the institution at the same time: the Class of 2005 (cf.alumnus/a). The term can be used in a slightly more general context, such as "the graduating class."
It can also refer to the classroom, in the building or venue where such a lesson is conducted.
In some countries' educational systems (such as Taiwan's), it can refer to a subdivision of the students in an academic department, consisting of a cohort of students of the same academic level. For example, a department's sophomores may be divided into three classes.
In countries such as the Republic of Ireland, India, Germany, and in the past Sweden, the word can mean a grade: 1st class is ages 4–5, 2nd class is ages 6–7, 3rd class is ages 8–9, 4th class is ages 9–10, 5th class is ages 10–11, 6th class is ages 11–12, and 9th class is ages 14–15.
In peacetime the rank of Full General is reserved for the Commander of Finnish Defence Forces. Sometimes a General's branch of service is indicated in the rank. So far Finland has had seventeen of jalkaväenkenraali (General of Infantry), a few of jääkärikenraali (Jägergeneral), two of ratsuväenkenraali (General of Cavalry) and one tykistönkenraali (General of Artillery). Marshal Mannerheim himself was the other one of the two Generals of Cavalry before his promotion to Field Marshal.
The General was inaugurated in 1937, and carried coaches and Pullmans. It received some new lightweight equipment in 1938 as part of the fleet of modernism, but it was mostly heavyweight until 1940. It was the only "Fleet of Modernism" train to be streamlined without an observation car. It lost its coaches when the Advance General was inaugurated in 1940. It was re-equipped with lightweight sleeping cars from both the pre-war Broadway, and new cars from post-war orders. At this time, it also carried the Broadway's pre-war observation cars. In 1951 the General lost its all-Pullman status when it was combined with the all-coach Trail Blazer for non-peak travel periods only. In 1952 this consolidation became permanent, and by 1960, the Trail Blazer name was dropped. In 1967 the General was renamed the Broadway Limited when that train lost its numbers and all-Pullman status.
The tutoring industry is seen by many well-off families, and the nation's rapidly growing middle-class, as a means to a better life and enhanced social status ... However, middle-class parents are generally not fans of vocational schools, and the new crackdown is causing a great deal of concern.
Meanwhile, the draft regulation specifies a need to speed up the construction of general public high schools and setting up more different types of high schools to promote the quality of secondary school education ... Under this mechanism, students can pick up classes designed by both general high schools and vocational high schools.
The group intends to upgrade facilities and to develop Weston as a general aviation centre. The investment plan will modernise facilities at Weston to create a best in class experience for airport users, employees and the local community ... Derick Walshe said a vibrant Weston is central to the health of general aviation in Ireland.
A bench of Chief Justice Hima Kohli and Justice B Vijaysen Reddy was hearing a PIL filed by PUCL general secretary Jaya Vindhyala seeking stern action ...Advocate general BS Prasad informed that a judicial probe by Alair judicial first class magistrate was underway as per HC orders.
A little too low and the railways may end up killing its only clearly profitable class - the normal AC 3-Tier ... According to the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) report of 2018 which commented on the profitability of different classes, AC 3 tier is the only operationally profitable long-distance class of rail travel.
Ms. Waugh recalls all manner of reasons to support the Trump-MAGA recall of Governor Newsom; I Do Not! ... HA!. Water ... Power ... However, the last time the state was taken advantage of by a power company, Enron, a Democratic Attorney General won compensation via a national class action lawsuit. The many effects of the pandemic.
... her songwriter elder brother, Finneas O’Connell, known professionally as Finneas, for her dance class ... “You ruined her in a year, don’t act like it was hard … She was sleeping in your clothes … now she’s got to get to class.” “It’s an open letter,” she says, “a general statement.
“After completing ClassXII, BA, BCom, BSc, MBBS or engineering are not the only options ... The online webinar was organised by the CMO and the directorate of higher education to introduce Class XII passouts to the various career options available, besides the obvious general streams.
With the ongoing war of words between ruling BJP and opposition Congress over 27% reservation to other backward classes (OBCs) in Madhya Pradesh, state backward class and minority welfare minister Ramkhelawan Patel has announced that his family would not avail the benefits of OBC reservation.
... claims on behalf of our clients.� In addition to representing institutions and other investor plaintiffs in class action security litigation, the firm's expertise includes general corporate and commercial litigation, as well as securities arbitration.�Attorney advertising.
Apartments are generally categorized by classes according to cost. Class A consists of the top 20% most expensive units; Class B encompasses 60% of the less expensive units in the middle of the market, and�Class C are units in the lowest 20% available. Class A properties typically ...